Ticks are Top Carriers of Deadly and Disabling Infections
Ticks, as vectors of several zoonotic diseases, are ranked second only to mosquitoes as vectors. The diseases spread by ticks are a major constraint to animal productivity while causing morbidity and mortality in both animals and humans.
A number of tick species have been recognized since long as vectors of lethal pathogens, viz. Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), Kyasanur forest disease virus (KFDV), Babesia spp, Theileria, Rickettsia conorii, Anaplasma marginale, etc. and the damages caused by them are well-recognized.
There is a need to reassess the renewed threat posed by the tick vectors and to prioritize the tick control research program. This review is focused on the major tick-borne human and animal diseases in India and the progress in vector control research with emphasis on acaricide resistance, tick vaccine and the development of potential phytoacaricides as an integral part of integrated tick control program.
J Vector Borne Dis. 2014 Dec;51(4):259-70. Problem of ticks and tick-borne diseases in India with special emphasis on progress in tick control research: a review.