Dr. James Schaller, MD
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The Neurology and Psychiatry Disease of
Lyme, Babesia and Bartonella


Sample Expert Information of These Diseases and
Depression, Panic, Brain Disease with Bartonella, Babesia and Lyme


Source: Robert C. Bransfield, MD of New Jersey

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis [letter]
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Nields JA.
SOURCE: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 1998 Summer;10(3):366-7


Acute and Chronic Lyme Disease: Controversies for Neuropsychiatry
AUTHORS: Hurley RA, Taber KH.
SOURCE: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 20:1, Winter 2008 http://neuro.psychiatryonline.org


Acute and chronic neuroborreliosis with and without CNS involvement: a clinical, MRI, and HLA study of 27 cases.
AUTHORS: Krüger H, Heim E, Schuknecht B, Scholz S.
SOURCE: J Neurol. 1991 Aug;238(5):271-80.


A Groundhog, a Novel Bartonella Sequence, and My Father's Death
AUTHORS: Breitschwerdt EB, Maggi RG, Cadenas MB, Vissotto de Paiva Diniz PP
SOURCE: Emerging Infectious Diseases • www.cdc.gov/eid • 2009 Aug;15(12): 2080-6 http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/15/12/pdfs/2080.pdf


Alcohol and epilepsy: A case report between alcohol withdrawal seizures and neuroborreliosis
AUTHORS: Gheorghiev C, De Montleau F, Defuentes G
SOURCE: Encephale 2011 06; 37 (3): 231-237


[Alcohol and epilepsy: a case report between alcohol withdrawal seizures and neuroborreliosis].
AUTHORS: Gheorghiev C, De Montleau F, Defuentes G.
SOURCE: Encephale. 2011 Jun;37(3):231-7.


Altered mental status, an unusual manifestation of early disseminated Lyme disease: A case report.
AUTHORS: Chabria SB, Lawrason J.
SOURCE: J Med Case Reports. 2007 Aug 9;1:62.


Alzheimer's disease and infection: Do infectious agents contribute to progression of Alzheimer's disease?
AUTHORS: Honjo K, van Reekum R, Rand Nicolaas, Verhoeff NPLG.
SOURCE: Alzheimer's and Dementia. Vol 5;4, July 2009, p 348-360


Alzheimer's disease - a neurospirochetosis. Analysis of the evidence following Koch's and Hill's criteria.
AUTHOR: Miklossy J.
SOURCE:J Neuroinflammation. 2011 Aug 4;8(1):90. [Epub ahead of print]


Alzheimer's disease Braak Stage progressions: reexamined and redefined as Borrelia infection transmission through neural circuits.
AUTHOR: MacDonald AB.
SOURCE: Med Hypotheses. 2007;68(5):1059-64. Epub 2006 Nov 17.


Alzheimer's neuroborreliosis with trans-synaptic spread of infection and neurofibrillary tangles derived from intraneuronal spirochetes.
AUTHOR: MacDonald AB.
SOURCE: Med Hypotheses. 2007;68(4):822-5. Epub 2006 Oct 20.


Antibodies against OspA epitopes of Borrelia burgdorferi cross-react with neural tissue.
AUTHORS: Alaedini A, Latov N.
SOURCE: J Neuroimmunol. 2005 Feb;159(1-2):192-5. Epub 2004 Nov 26.


Anti-neural antibody reactivity in patients with a history of Lyme borreliosis and persistent symptoms
AUTHORS: Stricker RB, Johnson L
SOURCE: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 24 (2010) 1025


Anti-neural antibody reactivity in patients with a history of Lyme borreliosis and persistent symptoms
AUTHORS: Volkman D
SOURCE: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 24 (2010)


The association between tick-borne infections, Lyme borreliosis and autism spectrum disorders
AUTHORS: Bransfield RC, Wulfman JS, Harvey WT, Usman AI.
SOURCE: Medical Hypotheses. 5 Nov 2007


Audiologic manifestations of patients with post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome
AUTHORS: Shotland LI, Mastrioanni MA, Choo DL, Szymko-Bennett YM, Dally LG, Pikus AT, Sledjeski K, Marques A
SOURCE: Ear Hear. 2003 Dec;24(6):508-17


A woman in her 50s with manic psychosis.
AUTHORS: Pasareanu AR, Mygland Å, Kristensen Ø.
SOURCE: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2012 Mar 6;132(5):537-9


Bartonella henselae bacteremia in a mother and son potentially associated with tick exposure
AUTHORS: Maggi RG, Ericson M, Mascarelli PE, Bradley JM, Breitschwerdt EB
SOURCE: Parasites & Vectors April 2013, 6:101 doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-101
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-6-101


Bartonella henselae infection in a family experiencing neurological and neurocognitive abnormalities after woodlouse hunter spider bites
AUTHORS: Mascarelli PE, Maggi RG, Hopkins S, Mozayeni BR, Trull CL, Bradley JM, Hegarty BC, Breitschwerdt EB
SOURCE: Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:98 doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-98
http://www.parasitesandvectors.com/content/6/1/98/abstract


Bartonella sp. Bacteremia in Patients with Neurological and Neurocognitive Dysfunction.
AUTHORS: Journal of Clinical Midrobiology. 46(9):2856–2861
SOURCE: Breitschwerdt EB. Maggi RG, Nicholson WL, Cherry NA, Woods CW.


The basic syndromes of neurological disorders in Lyme borreliosis:
AUTHORS: Dekonenko EP, Umanskii KG, Virich IE, Kupriianova LV, Rudometov, IuP, Bagrov FI:
SOURCE: Ter Arkh 1995; 67 (11) : 52-53


Benefit of intravenous antibiotic therapy in patients referred for treatment of neurologic Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Stricker RB, Delong AK, Green CL, Savely VR, Chamallas SN, Johnson L
SOURCE: Int J Gen Med 2011 9; 4 : 639-646


Beta-amyloid deposition and Alzheimer's type changes induced by Borrelia spirochetes.
AUTHORS: Miklossy J, Kis A, Radenovic A, Miller L, Forro L, Martins R, Reiss K, Darbinian N, Darekar P, Mihaly L, Khalili K.
SOURCE: Neurobiol Aging. 2006 Feb;27(2):228-36.


Bell's Palsy of the Gut and other Manifestations of Lyme and Associated Diseases
AUTHOR: Sherr VT
SOURCE: Practical Gastroenterology April 2006


Benefit of intravenous antibiotic therapy in patients referred for treatment of neurologic Lyme disease
AUTHORS: Stricker RB, DeLong AK, Green C, Savely VR, Chamallas SN, Johnson L.
SOURCE: International Journal of General Medicine 2011:4 639–646
http://www.dovepress.com/articles.php?article_id=8224.


Bilateral dorsolateral thalamic lesions disrupts conscious recollection.
AUTHORS: Edelstyn NM, Hunter B, Ellis SJ.
SOURCE: Neuropsychologia. 2006;44(6):931-8. Epub 2005 Oct 25.


Biology and neuropathology of dementia in syphilis and Lyme disease
AUTHOR: MIKLOSSY J
EDITORS: Duyckaerts C, Litvan I
SOURCE: Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Vol. 89 (3rd series) Dementias 2008 Elsevier B.V. http://www.miklossy.ch/media/ChapterHandbookClinNeurolFinalPdf.pdf


Borrelia burgdorferi in the central nervous system: experimental and clinical evidence for early invasion.
AUTHORS: Garcia-Monco JC, Villar BF, Alen JC, Benach JL.
SOURCE: J Infect Dis. 1990 Jun;161(6):1187-93.


Borrelia burgdorferi central nervous system infection presenting as an organic schizophrenialike disorder.
AUTHORS: Hess A, Buchmann J, Zettl UK, Henschel S, Schlaefke D, Grau G, Benecke R.
SOURCE: Biol Psychiatry 1999 Mar 15;45(6):795


Borrelia burgdorferi persists in the brain in chronic lyme neuroborreliosis and may be associated with Alzheimer disease.
AUTHORS: Miklossy J, Khalili K, Gern L, Ericson RL, Darekar P, Bolle L, Hurlimann J, Paster BJ.
SOURCE: J Alzheimers Dis. 2004 Dec;6(6):639-49; discussion 673-81.


Borrelia burgdorferi-seropositive chronic encephalomyelopathy: Lyme neuroborreliosis? An autopsied report.
AUTHORS: Kobayashi K, Mizukoshi C, Aoki T, Muramori F, Hayashi M, Miyazu K, Koshino Y, Ohta M, Nakanishi I, Yamaguchi N.
SOURCE: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 1997 Nov-Dec;8(6):384-90.


[Borreliosis--simultaneous Lyme carditis and psychiatric disorders--case report]
AUTHORS: Legatowicz-Koprowska M, Gziut AI, Walczak E, Gil RJ, Wagner T.
SOURCE: Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2008 May;24(143):433-5. Polish.


Brain SPECT Imaging in Chronic Lyme Disease.
AUTHORS: Plutchok JJ, Tikofsky RS, Liegner KB, Fallon BA, Van Heertum RL.
SOURCE: Journal of Spirochetal and Tick Borne-Diseases, 1999; 6: 10-16.


Can infections and immune reactions to them cause violent behavior?
AUTHOR: Bransfield RC
SOURCE: Abstracts of 11th Psychoimmunology Expert Meeting, March 8–11, 2012


Neurology, Psychiatry and Brain Research. Volume 18, Issue 2, Page 42 (March 2012)
Carbamazepine in the treatment of Lyme disease-induced hyperacusis.
AUTHORS: Nields JA, Fallon BA, Jastreboff PJ.
SOURCE: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 1999 Winter;11(1):97-9


Case report: Lyme disease and complex partial seizures.
AUTHOR: Bransfield RC.
SOURCE: Journal of Spirochetes and Tick-borne Diseases; Fall/Winter 1999, Vol 6, p123-125


Catatonia in a 14 year-old girl: treatment with clorazepam and carbamazepine, a 10-year follow-up].
AUTHORS: Askenazy F, Dor E, Benoit M, Dupuis G, Serret S, Myquel M, Seddiki Y.
SOURCE: Encephale. 2010 Feb;36(1):46-53.


Catatonic syndrome in acute severe encephalitis due to Borrelia burgdorferi infection.
Pfister HW, Preac-Mursic V, Wilske B, Rieder G, Forderreuther S, Schmidt S, AUTHORS: Kapfhammer HP.
SOURCE: Neurology. 1993 Feb;43(2):433-5.


Central nervous system manifestations of human ehrlichiosis.
AUTHORS: Ratnasamy N, Everett ED, Roland WE, McDonald G, Caldwell CW.
SOURCE: Clin Infect Dis 1996 Aug;23(2):314-9


Cerebral metabolic changes associated with Lyme disease
AUTHORS: Newberg A, Hassan A, Alavi A.
SOURCE: Nucl Med Commun 2002 August;23(8):773-777


Chronic Bacterial and Viral Infections in Neurodegenerative and Neurobehavioral Diseases.
AUTHORS: Nicholson GL.
SOURCE: Lab Medicine. 2008;39(5):291-9.


Chronic borrelia encephalomyeloradiculitis with severe mental disturbance: immunosuppressive versus antibiotic therapy.
AUTHORS: Kollikowski HH, Schwendemann G, Schulz M, Wilhelm H, Lehmann HJ.
SOURCE: J Neurol. 1988 Jan;235(3):140-2.


Chronic inflammation and amyloidogenesis in Alzheimer's disease -- role of Spirochetes.
AUTHORS: Miklossy J.
SOURCE: J Alzheimers Dis. 2008 May;13(4):381-91. Review.


Chronic neuroborreliosis in infancy
AUTHORS: Zamponi N, Cardinali C, Tavoni MA, Porfiri L, Rossi R, Manca A
SOURCE: Ital J Neurol Sci (1999) 20:303-307


Chronic neurologic manifestations of erythema migrans borreliosis. 
AUTHORS: Ackermann R, Rehse-Kupper B, Gollmer E, Schmidt R.
SOURCE: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1988;539:16-23.


Chronic neurologic manifestations of Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Logigian EL, Kaplan RF, Steere AC.
SOURCE: N Engl J Med. 1990 Nov 22;323(21):1438-44.


Chronic or Late Lyme Neuroborreliosis: Present and Future
AUTHORS: Miklossy J, Donta S, Mueller K, Nolte O, Perry G.
SOURCE: The Open Neurology Journal. 2012; 6: Pp. 78 [DOI: 10.2174/1874205X01206010078] http://benthamscience.com/open/toneuj/articles/V006/SI0078TONEUJ/78TONEUJ.pdf


Clinical and demographic characteristics of psychiatric patients seropositive for Borrelia burgdorferi.
AUTHORS: Hájek T, Libiger J, Janovská D, Hájek P, Alda M, Höschl C.
SOURCE: Eur Psychiatry. 2006 Mar;21(2):118-22.


[Clinical manifestations and epidemiological aspects leading to a diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis: neurological and psychiatric manifestations in the course of Lyme borreliosis]
AUTHORS: Créange A.
SOURCE: Med Mal Infect. 2007 Jul-Aug;37(7-8):532-9. Epub 2007 Mar 26. Review. French.


Co-existance of toxoplasmosis and neuroborreliosis - a case report.
AUTHORS: Gustaw K, Beltowska K, Dlugosz E.
SOURCE: Ann Agric Environ Med. 2005;12(2):305-8.


Coexisting of borreliosis, depression and psoriasis--case report
AUTHORS: Oglodek E, Mos D, Araszkiewicz A.
SOURCE: Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2010 Jan;28(163):53-5.


Cognitive functioning in late Lyme borreliosis.
AUTHORS: Krupp LB, Masur D, Schwartz J, Coyle PK, Langenbach LJ, Fernquist SK, Jandorf L, Halperin JJ.
SOURCE: Arch Neurol. 1991 Nov;48(11):1125-9.


Cognitive Impairments after Tick-borne Encephalitis.
AUTHORS: Gustaw-Rothenberg K.
SOURCE: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. 2008;26:165-168.


Cognitive processing speed in Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Pollina DA, Sliwinski M, Squires NK, Krupp LB. SOURCE: Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol. 1999 Jan;12(1):72-8.


Complaints attributed to chronic Lyme disease: depression or fibromyalgia?
AUTHORS: Berman DS, Wenglin BD.
SOURCE: Am J Med. 1995 Oct;99(4):440.


Concepts of trust among patients with serious illness.
AUTHORS: Mechanic D, Meyer S.
SOURCE: Soc Sci Med. 2000 Sep;51(5):657-68.


Concurrent infection of the central nervous system by Borrelia burgdorferi and Bartonella henselae: evidence for a novel tick-borne disease complex.
AUTHORS: Eskow E, Rao RV, Mordechai E.
SOURCE: Arch Neurol. 2001 Sep;58(9):1357-63.


Concurrent neocortical borreliosis and Alzheimer's disease: Demonstration of a spirochetal cyst form.
AUTHOR: MacDonald AB.
SOURCE: Ann N Y Acad Sci 1988; 539:468-470.


Concurrent medical conditions with pediatric bipolar disorder.
AUTHORS: Scheffer RE, Linden S.
SOURCE: Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2007 Jul;20(4):398-401. Review.


Consequences of treatment delay in Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Cameron DJ
SOURCE: J Eval Clin Pract. 2007 Jun;13(3):470-2.


Constipation Heralding Neuroborreliosis
AUTHORS: Shamim A, Shamim S; Liss G; Nylen E; Pincus J; Yepes M.
SOURCE: Arch Neurol. 2005;62:671-673.


A Controlled Study of Cognitive Deficits in Children With Chronic Lyme Disease 
AUTHORS: Tager FA, Fallon BA, Keilp J, Rissenberg M, Jones CR, Liebowitz MR. 
SOURCE: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 13:500-507, November 2001
FULL TEXT: http://www.lymediseaseassociation.org/Tager.pdf
Behavioral Consequences of Infections of the Central Nervous System: With Emphasis on Viral Infections
AUTHORS: Tselis A, MD, Booss J.
SOURCE: J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 31:289–98, 2003


Catatonic syndrome in acute severe encephalitis due to Borrelia burgdorferi infection.
Pfister HW, Preac-Mursic V, Wilske B, Rieder G, Forderreuther S, Schmidt S, AUTHORS: Kapfhammer HP.
SOURCE: Neurology. 1993 Feb;43(2):433-5.


Chronic neurologic manifestations of Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Logigian EL; Kaplan RF; Steere AC
SOURCE: N Engl J Med 1990 Nov 22;323(21):1438- 44.


Chronic or late lyme neuroborreliosis: analysis of evidence compared to chronic or late neurosyphilis.
AUTHORS: Miklossy J
SOURCE: Open Neurol J 2012; 6: 146-57.


Delirium and Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Caliendo MV, Kushon DJ, Helz JW.
SOURCE: Psychosomatics. 1995 Jan-Feb;36(1):69-74.


Delusional disorders in the course of tick-born encephalitis and borreliosis in patients with hemophilia A and posttraumatic epilepsy--diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties]
AUTHORS: Grzywa A, Karakuła H, Górecka J, Chuchra M.
SOURCE: Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2004 Jan;16(91):60-3. Polish.


Dementia associated with infectious diseases.
AUTHOR: Almeida OP, Lautenschlager NT.
SOURCE: Int Psychogeriatr. 2005;17 Suppl 1:S65-77. Review.


Demyelinating polyradiculitis in neuro borreliosis:
AUTHORS: Corral I, Sanchis G, Garcia-Ribas G, Quereda C, Escudero R, de Blas G:
SOURCE: Neurologia 1995 Feb; 10 (2) : 110-113


Detection of Bartonella henselae by polymerase chain reaction in brain tissue of an immunocompromised patient with multiple enhancing lesions. Case report and review of the literature.
AUTHORS: George TI, Manley G, Koehler JE, Hung VS, McDermott M, Bollen A.
SOURCE: J Neurosurg. 1998 Oct;89(4):640-4. Review.


Diagnosis of Infectious or Inflammatory Psychosyndromes
AUTHOR: Bechter K
SOURCE: The Open Neurology Journal, 2012, 6:113-118. [DOI: 10.2174/1874205X01206010113]
http://benthamscience.com/open/toneuj/articles/V006/SI0078TONEUJ/113TONEUJ.pdf


The diagnosis of Lyme disease.
AUTHOR: Bransfield RC.
SOURCE: Hosp Pract (Minneap). 1996 Aug 15;31(8):35, 40.


Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Lyme disease.
AUTHOR: Bransfield RC.
SOURCE: JAMA. 1998 Sep 23-30;280(12):1049; author reply 1051.


Differential Diagnosis and Treatment of Lyme Disease with Special Reference to Psychiatric Practice.
AUTHORS: Nields JA, Fallon BA.
SOURCE: Directions in Psychiatry, 1998, 18: 209-228.


[Differential diagnostic problems in Lyme disease (Borrelia infection resulting in acute exogenous psychosis)]
AUTHORS: Császár T, Patakfalvi A.
SOURCE: Orv Hetil. 1994 Oct 9;135(41):2269-71.


A disease in disguise. Lyme can masquerade as migraine, or as madness.
AUTHORS: Cowley G, Underwood A.
SOURCE: Newsweek. 2004 Aug 23;144(8):62.


Do bartonella infections cause agitation, panic disorder, and treatment-resistant depression?
AUTHORS: Schaller JL, Burkland GA, Langhoff PJ.
SOURCE: MedGenMed. 2007 Sep 13;9(3):54.


Does process-specific slowing account for cognitive deficits in Lyme disease?
AUTHORS: Pollina DA, Elkins LE, Squires NK, Scheffer SR, Krupp LB.
SOURCE: Appl Neuropsychol. 1999;6(1):27-32.


Early disseminated Lyme disease: Lyme meningitis.
AUTHOR: Pachner AR
SOURCE: Am J Med; (1995) 98(4A):30S-37S


Early-life programming of later-life brain and behavior: a critical role for the immune system
AUTHORS: Staci D. BilboSD, Jaclyn M. Schwarz JM
SOURCE: Frontiers in Behvrioral Neurosciences. 2009:3


Efficacy of a long-term antibiotic treatment in patients with a chronic Tick Associated Poly-organic Syndrome (TAPOS).
AUTHOR: Clarissou J, Song A, Bernede C, Guillemot D, Dinh A, Ader F, Perronne C, Salomon J.
SOURCE: Med Mal Infect. 2009 Feb;39(2):108-15. Epub 2009 Jan 4.


Elevated cerebrospinal fluid kynurenic acid levels in patients with tick-borne encephalitis
AUTHORS: Holtze M, Mickiene´ A. Atlas A, Lindquist L, Schwieler L
SOURCE: Journal of Internal Medicine. 2012, 272; 394–401.


Emerging infectious determinants of chronic diseases.
AUTHORS: O'Connor SM, Taylor CE, Hughes JM.
SOURCE: Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Jul;12(7):1051-7.


Endogenous paranoid-hallucinatory syndrome caused by Borrelia encephalitis
AUTHORS: Barnett W, Sigmund D, Roelcke U, Mundt C.
SOURCE: Nervenarzt 1991 Jul;62(7):445-7 [German]


Epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory findings of human ehrlichiosis in the United States, 1988.
AUTHORS: Eng TR, Harkess JR, Fishbein DB, Dawson JE, Greene CN, Redus MA, Satalowich FT.
SOURCE: JAMA 1990 Nov 7;264(17):2251-8


European neuroborreliosis: quality of life 30 months after treatment
AUTHORS: Eikeland R, Mygland A, Herlofson K, Ljøstad U.
SOURCE: Acta Neurol Scand. 2011Nov;124(5):349-54.


[Evaluation of cerebrospinal fluid serotonin (5-HT) concentration in patients with post-Lyme disease syndrome--preliminary study]
AUTHORS: Kepa L, Oczko-Grzesik B, Badura-Glombik T.
SOURCE: Przegl Epidemiol. 2008;62(4):793-800. Polish.


Evidence for Mycoplasma, ssp., Chalmydia pneumoniae, and Human Herpes-virus 6 Coinfections in Blood of patients with Autistic Spectrum Disorders.
AUTHORS: Nicholson GL, Gann R, Nicholson NL, Haier J.
SOURCE: Journal of Neuroscience Research 2007 85.


Failure of tetracycline therapy in early Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Dattwyler RJ, Halperin JJ.
SOURCE: Arthritis Rheum. 1987 Apr;30(4):448-50.


First-episode psychosis in a managed care setting: clinical management and research.
AUTHORS: Jarskog LF, Mattioli MA, Perkins DO, Lieberman JA.
SOURCE: Am J Psychiatry. 2000 Jun;157(6):878-84.


FLAIR and magnetization transfer imaging of patients with post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome.
AUTHORS: Morgen K, Martin R, Stone RD, Grafman J, Kadom N, McFarland HF, Marques A.
SOURCE: Neurology. 2001 Dec 11;57(11):1980-5.


Functional Brain Imaging and Neuropsychological Testing in Lyme Disease
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Das S, Plutchok JJ, Tager F, Liegner K, Van Heertum R.
SOURCE: CID 1997; 25:S57-63
COMPLETE ARTICLE AT: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/CID/journal/issues/v25nS1/jy21_57/jy21_57.web.pdf


Geographical and seasonal correlation of multiple sclerosis to sporadic schizophrenia.
AUTHOR: Fritzsche M.
SOURCE: Int J Health Geogr. 2002 Dec 20;1(1):5.


Geographic correlation of schizophrenia to ticks and tick-borne encephalitis.
AUTHOR: Brown JS Jr. SOURCE: Schizophr Bull 1994;20(4):755-75
Geographic distribution of Lyme disease in Mudanjiang
AUTHOR: Zhang Z.
SOURCE: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 1991 Jun;12(3):154-7. [Chinese]


Gestational Lyme borreliosis. Implications for the fetus.
AUTHOR: MacDonald AB.
SOURCE: Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 1989 Nov;15(4):657-77. Review.


Hallucinations, Sensory Neuropathy, and Peripheral Visual Deficits in a Young Woman Infected with Bartonella koehlerae
AUTHORS: Edward B. Breitschwerdt EB, Mascarelli PE, Schweickert LA, Ricardo G. Maggi RG, Hegarty BC, Bradley JM, Woods CW
SOURCE: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, Sept. 2011, Vol. 49, No. 9: p. 3415–3417


Higher Prevalence of Antibodies to Borrelia Burgdorferi in Psychiatric Patients Than in Healthy Subjects
AUTHORS: Hajek T, Paskova B, Janovska D, Bahbouh R, Hajek P, Libiger J, Hoschl C.
SOURCE: Am J Psychiatry 159:297-301, February 2002
COMPLETE TEXT AT: http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/159/2/297


Human babesiosis--an unrecorded reality.
AUTHOR: Sherr VT
SOURCE: Med Hypotheses. 2004;63(4):609-15


Hypochondriasis and obsessive compulsive disorder: overlaps in diagnosis and treatment.
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Javitch JA, Hollander E, Liebowitz MR.
SOURCE: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. November 1991: 52(11):457-60.


Increased anti-streptococcal antibodies in patients with Tourette's syndrome.
AUTHORS: Muller N, Riedel M, Straube A, Gunther W, Wilske B.
SOURCE: Psychiatry Res. 2000 Apr 24;94(1):43-9.


Increased IFNα activity and differential antibody response in patients with a history of Lyme disease and persistent cognitive deficits.


AUTHORS: Jacek E, Fallon BA, Chandra A, Crow MK, Wormser GP, Alaedini A.


SOURCE: J Neuroimmunol. 2012 Nov 7. doi:pii:S0165-5728(12)00314-1. 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2012.10.011.


Infectious Agents in Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder
AUTHORS: Yolken RH, Torrey EF,
SOURCE: 2006 June 43(7)


Inflammation and Central Nervous System Lyme Disease
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Levin ES, Schweitzer PJ, Hardesty D.
SOURCE: Neurobiol Dis. 2009 Nov 25; [Epub ahead of print]


Inflammation in Lyme Disease and Psychiatric Seqellae
AUTHOR: Bransfield RC
SOURCE: Psychiatric Annals, In Review


Inflammatory brain changes in Lyme Borreliosis. A report on three patients and review of literature;
AUTHORS: Oksi J, Kalimo H, Marttila RJ, Marjarnaki M, Sonninen P, Nikoskelainen J, Viljanen MK:


SOURCE: Brain, 1996 Dec; 119 (Pt 6) : 2143-2154


Integrating Infectious Disease and Neuropsychoimmunology Research into the Practice of Psychiatry.
AUTHOR: Bransfield RC
SOURCE: 9th Psychoimmunology Expert Meeting, Gunzburg, Germany. InVivo (International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Pathophysiology and Drug Research) suppl. October 2007.


Interaction of the Lyme Disease Spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi with Brain Parenchyma Elicits Inflammatory Mediators from Glial Cells as Well as Glial and Neuronal Apoptosis AUTHORS:Ramesh R, Borda JT, Dufor J, Kaushal D, Ramamoorthy R, Lackner AA, Philipp MT
SOURCE: The American Journal of Pathology, Vol. 173, No. 5, November 2008


Invasion of human neuronal and glial cells by an infectious strain of Borrelia burgdorferi.
AUTHORS: Livengood JA, Gilmore RD Jr.
SOURCE: Microbes Infect. 2006 Nov-Dec;8(14-15):2832-40. Epub 2006 Sep 22.


[Isocyanate exposure in first line differential diagnosis. A case report illustrates general practitioners' symptom dilemma]
AUTHOR: Järhult B.
SOURCE: Lakartidningen. 2004 Jul 22;101(30-31):2417-9. Swedish.


Isolated monolateral neurosensory hearing loss as a rare sign of neuroborreliosis.
AUTHORS: Iero I, Elia M, Cosentino FI, Lanuzza B, Spada RS, Toscano G, Tripodi M, Belfiore A, Ferri R.
SOURCE: Neurol Sci. 2004 Apr;25(1):30-3.
Late-Stage Neuropsychiatric Lyme Borreliosis: Differential Diagnosis and Treatment 
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Schwartzberg M, Bransfield R, Zimmerman B, Scotti A, Weber CA, Liebowitz MR. 
SOURCE: Psychosomatics 1995;36:295-300 
COMPLETE TEXT AT: 
http://www.wadhurst.demon.co.uk/lyme/lyme101.htm
A life cycle for Borrelia spirochetes?
AUTHOR: MacDonald AB.
SOURCE: Med Hypotheses. 2006;67(4):810-8. Epub 2006 May 22.


Long term antibiotic therapy may be an effective treatment for children co-morbid with Lyme disease and Autism Spectrum Disorder
AUTHORS: Kuhn M, Grave S, Bransfield R, Harris S
SOURCE: Medical Hypotheses, Available online 21 February 2012.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306987712000485


The long-term clinical outcomes of Lyme disease. A population-based retrospective cohort study.
AUTHORS: Shadick NA, Phillips CB, Logigian EL, Steere AC, Kaplan RF, Berardi VP, Duray PH, Larson MG, Wright EA, Ginsburg KS, Katz JN, Liang MH.
SOURCE: Ann Intern Med. 1994 Oct 15;121(8):560-7.


Long-term cognitive effects of Lyme disease in children.
AUTHORS: Adams WV, Rose CD, Eppes SC, Klein JD.
SOURCE: Appl Neuropsychol 1999;6(1):39-45


The long-term course of Lyme arthritis in children.
AUTHORS: Szer IS, Taylor E, Steere AC.
SOURCE: N Engl J Med. 1991 Jul 18;325(3):159-63.


Loss of the sense of humor
AUTHOR: Ramanan SV.
SOURCE: Arch Intern Med 2000 Sep 11;160(16):2546


Lyme borreliosis in neurology and psychiatry
AUTHOR: Kohler J.
SOURCE: Fortschr Med. 1990 Apr 10;108(10):191-3, 197. Review. [German]


Lyme Borreliosis: Neuropsychiatric Aspects and Neuropathology
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Vaccaro BJ, Romano M, Clemente MD.
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Tick-borne infections--a growing public health threat to school-age children. Prevention steps that school personnel can take.
AUTHOR: Hamlen R
SOURCE: NASN Sch Nurse 2012(Mar); 27(2): 94-100.
http://nas.sagepub.com/content/27/2/94


Transfection "Junk" DNA - a link to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease?
AUTHORS: MacDonald AB.
SOURCE: Med Hypotheses. 2006;66(6):1140-1. Epub 2006 Feb 14.


Treating Depression and Compensatory Narcissistic Personality Style in a Man with Chronic Lyme Disease
AUTHOR: Leedy MJ, Jackson M, Callahan JL
SOURCE: Clinical Case Studies. 2007 Oct 6(5):430-42.
http://www.psyc.unt.edu/~jennifercallahan/CompensatoryNarcissism.pdf


Treatment of patients with persistent symptoms and a history of Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Bransfield R, Brand S, Sherr V.
SOURCE: N Engl J Med. 2001 Nov 8;345(19):1424-5.


Treatment-Resistant Depression: Progress and Limitations
AUTHORS: Amsterdam JD, O'Reardon JP
SOURCE: Psychiatric Annals. 1998;28(11):633


Tremor, seizures and psychosis as presenting symptoms in a patient with chronic lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB)
AUTHORS: Markeljević J, Sarac H, Rados M.
SOURCE: Coll Antropol. 2011 Jan;35 Suppl 1:313-8.
Tullio phenomenon and seronegative Lyme borreliosis [letter]
AUTHORS: Nields JA, Kueton JF.
SOURCE: Lancet 1991 Jul 13;338(8759):128-9


The Underdiagnosis of Neuropsychiatric Lyme Disease in Children and Adults
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Kochevar JM, Gaito A, Nields JA.
SOURCE: Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 1998; 21: 693-703
COMPLETE TEXT AT: http://www.lymenet.org


Untreated neuroborreliosis: Bannwarth's syndrome evolving into acute schizophrenia-like psychosis. A case report.
AUTHORS: Roelcke U, Barnett W, Wilder-Smith E, Sigmund D, Hacke W.
SOURCE: J Neurol 1992 Mar;239(3):129-31


An unusual presentation of cat scratch encephalitis.
AUTHORS: Chan L, Reilly KM, Snyder HS.
SOURCE: J Emerg Med. 1995 Nov-Dec;13(6):769-72.


Update on lyme disease: the hidden epidemic.
AUTHOR: Savely VR.
SOURCE: J Infus Nurs. 2008 Jul-Aug;31(4):236-40.


The use of atypical antipsychotics in the treatment of schizophrenia in North Staffordshire.
AUTHORS: Hodgson R, Belgamwar R, Al-tawarah Y, MacKenzie G.
SOURCE: Hum Psychopharmacol. 2005 Mar;20(2):141-7.


Value of clinical symptoms, intrathecal specific antibody production and PCR in CSF in the diagnosis of childhood Lyme neuroborreliosis:
AUTHORS: Issakainen J, Gnehm HE, Lucchini GM, Zbinden R:
SOURCE: Klin Padiatr 1996 May-Jun; 208 (3) : 106-109


WAIS-III and WMS-III performance in chronic Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Keilp JG, Corbera K, Slavov I, Taylor MJ, Sackeim HA, Fallon BA.
SOURCE: J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2006 Jan;12(1):119-29


A 25-year-old woman with hallucinations, hypersexuality, nightmares, and a rash.
AUTHORS: Stein SL, Solvason HB, Biggart E, Spiegel D.
SOURCE: Am J Psychiatry. 1996 Apr;153(4):545-51.


A 58-year-old man with a diagnosis of chronic Lyme disease, 1 year later.
AUTHORS: Burns RB, Hartman EE.
SOURCE: JAMA. 2003 Dec 24;290(24):3247.


Some of the above references are also listed online at:
Neuropsychiatric Lyme Disease Online Resources: http://www.lymeinfo.net/neuropsych.html
and Cavete Diagnosen (Cavete, lat.: hütet euch davor, d.h. hier: vor diesen Diagnosen):
http://www.erlebnishaft.de/cavete_diagnosen.pdf
http://www.erlebnishaft.de/kommentalternativ.pdf




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