Dr James Schaller
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Molds and Health: A Quick Look at
a Do-It-Yourself Sampling Program

Some feel that the 100,000 different species of mold are all the same. Wrong. Since the time of Leviticus we have writings about the danger of "colored" moldy stones and the need to remove them and their "unclean" plaster from the town. Presently, research is increasing on the trouble with having the combination of poor air circulation, wood or paper products and humidity over 50-60% inside a living space. In this environment, you can have some molds crowd out or even kill other common molds.

While large numbers of any mold can bother some people. Other molds are actively dangerous by toxins they make or other features of the mold.

According to QMSLab, who will identify mold forms and also grow out samples for more exact analysis for you, some of the most potentially toxic molds are:

  • Stachybotrys -- the famous black mold
  • Aspergillus
  • Penicillium
  • Chaetomium
  • Rhizopus

Below is a sample report for you to look over. What does it show?

First, yeast and sterile fungi are not too much of a concern.

Second, the mold are grown on three culture media. Some believe that the more plates the mold is aggressively growing on, the more serious is the risk. Sample 3 has Penicillium on all three media.

Third, the colony count and the concentration matters. In this house a few spores of Stachybotrys was found on a tape test, where for $60.00 dollars you tape a spot of mold and tape to the inside of zip-lock bag, and this black mold was found -- but only a few spores. But on further analysis, which is below, we see none of this potentially toxic black mold. In samples 2, 3, and 6 we see that there is both significant colonies of growth and a high concentration of Aspergillus or Penicillium.

Fungal Analysis (Culture Method)










Bulk Samples










Sample ID
Area (inch2) Medium Used Dilution factor
Fungal/Bacterial ID Colony Counts Conc. (CFU/in2)** Percentage*






Fungi


#1 †
4.0 MEA 50 Alternaria 1 13 2%






Penicillium 3 38 7%






yeast 37 463 86%






sterile fungi 2 25 5%







Total: 538






Fungi




4.0 DG-18 50 Penicillium 1 96 1%






yeast 10 963 11%






sterile fungi 4 385 4%







Total: "1,445"






Fungi




4.0 Cellulose 50 none 0 0 0%







Total: 0‡










Sample ID
Area (grams) Medium Used Dilution factor
Fungal/Bacterial ID Colony Counts Conc. (CFU/g)** Percentage*






Fungi


#2
0.519 MEA 50 Aspergillus ochraceus 45 "4,335" 49%






Aureobasidium pullulans 2 193 2%






Mucor 1 96 1%






Penicillium 10 963 11%






Rhizopus stolonifer 2 193 2%






Rhodotorula 7 674 8%






yeast 24 "2,312" 26%







Total: "8,767"






Fungi




0.519 DG-18 50 Aspergillus ochraceus 15 "1,445" 50%






Mucor 5 482 17%






Penicillium 4 385 13%






Rhizopus stolonifer 1 96 3%






yeast 2 193 7%






sterile fungi 3 289 10%







Total: "2,890"






Fungi




0.519 Cellulose 50 none 0 0 0%







Total: 0‡










Sample ID
Area (inch2) Medium Used Dilution factor
Fungal/Bacterial ID Colony Counts Conc. (CFU/in2)** Percentage*






Fungi


#3 †
4.0 MEA 100 Aureobasidium pullulans 2 50 4%






Cladosporium 1 25 2%






Penicillium 23 575 47%






yeast 16 400 33%






sterile fungi 7 175 14%







Total: "1,225"






Fungi




4.0 DG-18 100 Aspergillus ochraceus 9 225 6%






Cladosporium 78 "1,950" 49%






Penicillium 66 "1,650" 42%






yeast 2 50 1%






sterile fungi 3 75 2%







Total: "3,950"






Fungi




4.0 Cellulose 100 Alternaria 10 250 30%






Aspergillus ochraceus 16 400 48%






Penicillium 7 175 21%







Total: 825






Fungi


#4
4.0 MEA 50 Aureobasidium pullulans 3 38 11%






Mucor 3 38 11%






Penicillium 1 13 4%






yeast 16 200 57%






sterile fungi 5 63 18%







Total: 350






Fungi




4.0 DG-18 300 Penicillium 3 225 8%






yeast 29 "2,175" 76%






sterile fungi 6 450 16%







Total: "2,850"






Fungi




4.0 Cellulose 300 none 0 0 0%







Total: 0‡






Fungi


#5
4.0 MEA 100 Penicillium 8 200 47%






Rhodotorula 6 150 35%






yeast 1 25 6%






sterile fungi 2 50 12%







Total: 425






Fungi




4.0 DG-18 50 Aspergillus ochraceus 1 13 3%






Mucor 2 25 6%






Penicillium 10 125 28%






yeast 20 250 56%






sterile fungi 3 38 8%







Total: 450






Fungi




4.0 Cellulose 50 Alternaria 2 25 11%






Aspergillus ochraceus 10 125 53%






Aureobasidium pullulans 1 13 5%






Penicillium 6 75 32%







Total: 238






Fungi


#6
4.0 MEA 100 Aspergillus ochraceus 1 25 2%






Aspergillus sydowii 2 50 5%






Mucor 3 75 7%






Penicillium 24 600 59%







Total: 750






Fungi




4.0 DG-18 50 Mucor 16 200 23%






Penicillium 43 538 62%






yeast 6 75 9%






sterile fungi 4 50 6%







Total: 863






Fungi




4.0 Cellulose 50 Aspergillus ochraceus 2 25 13%






Cladosporium 2 25 13%






Penicillium 12 150 75%







Total: 200






Fungi


#7
4.0 MEA 100 Aspergillus ochraceus 2 50 4%






Aureobasidium pullulans 3 75 5%






Cladosporium 1 25 2%






Penicillium 3 75 5%






Rhodotorula 7 175 13%






yeast 36 900 64%






sterile fungi 4 100 7%







Total: "1,400"






Fungi




4.0 DG-18 50 Alternaria 3 38 8%






Aspergillus ochraceus 1 13 3%






Aureobasidium pullulans 8 100 21%






Penicillium 22 275 58%






Rhodotorula 1 13 3%






yeast 2 25 5%






sterile fungi 1 13 3%







Total: 475






Fungi




4.0 Cellulose 50 Aspergillus ochraceus 2 25 8%






Cladosporium 4 50 17%






Curvularia 1 13 4%






Fusarium 1 13 4%






Penicillium 16 200 67%







Total: 300






Fungi


#8
4.0 MEA 100 Rhizopus stolonifer 8 200 47%






yeast 5 125 29%






sterile fungi 4 100 24%







Total: 425






Fungi




4.0 DG-18 100 Aureobasidium pullulans 1 25 2%






Cladosporium 1 25 2%






Penicillium 11 275 27%






yeast 19 475 46%






sterile fungi 9 225 22%







Total: "1,025"






Fungi




4.0 Cellulose 100 none 0 0 0%







Total: 0‡










* Note: Dilution factors were 50X to 300x on all samples.

For help on sampling your home, business, or school, you will need to decide what type of sampling you want done.

If you want a short and simple fungi identification, it is a mere $60.00 dollars a sample, and done with wide clear tape.

Or you can actually grow the samples out for detailed species identification. Samples can came from your vacuum dust, pieces of the moldy surface or loose, larger non-taped samples of the mold source. The cost depends on your goals and income.

Discuss with:

Quality Microbiology Services, Inc.
18017 Sky Park Circle
Suite G
Irvine, CA 92614

Tel: 949 660 0698
Fax: 949 660 0697
Email: info@qmslab.com
Website: www.qmslab.com

We have been very pleased with their work.

NEW MOLD BOOK COMING WITH DR. RITCHIE SHOEMAKER

Look for our book on mold and a wide range of biotoxins and how to test and treat these problems. It is being aggressively finalized.

Dr. Shoemaker is one of the most respected expert physicians in the United States in this broad area. Ritchie Shoemaker, MD, has had years of experience finding many types of biotoxins, including ones from mold, all over the country. He is always about 2-10 years ahead of even the smartest doctors. I will be second author on his new book, Mold Warriors, and can promise you he will be revealing some major new, creative and important clinical findings.



Bank Towers, Tamiami Trail, Naples, FL
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