MORE EVIDENCE LYME DISEASE EFFECTS
LAST MORE THAN A MONTH
Post-Lyme borreliosis syndrome: a meta-analysis of reported symptoms
Background This meta-analysis compares the prevalence of fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, and neurocognitive difficulties in patients who have had Lyme borreliosis (LB) and control subjects without LB.
Methods Titles and abstracts in PubMed were reviewed for studies with data on the symptoms listed above that compared patients who had had LB with controls from the general population. Five studies with 504 patients and 530 controls were included in the meta-analysis.
Results The prevalence of symptoms was significantly higher in the LB patients, with P-values between <0.00001 and 0.007 for 8 of the 10 symptoms in the three categories listed above. The higher prevalence of certain neurocognitive symptoms but not others, in the same pattern as reported in the literature, is further confirmation of this syndrome. The pattern of symptoms appears to be different from that seen in fibromyalgia, depression, and chronic fatigue syndrome.
Conclusions This meta-analysis provides strong evidence that some patients with LB have fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, and neurocognitive difficulties that may last for years despite antibiotic treatment. [Italics and bolding from Dr. Schaller]
International Journal of Epidemiology 2005 34(6):1340-1345; doi:10.1093/ije/dyi129
Victoria Cairns1,* and Jon Godwin2
- Consultant Statistician, Am Rothlauf 9, 61476 Kronberg, Germany
- Clinical Trial Service Unit, University of Oxford, RDB, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK